Child Wellbeing & SHANARRI Policy

Key principles:

  • The welfare of children is the primary concern
  • The protection and wellbeing of all children in our care is everyone’s responsibility
  • A child, whatever their age, culture, disability, gender, language, racial origin, socioeconomic status, religious belief and/or sexual identity have the right to protection from all forms of harm and abuse
  • A child has the right to express views on all matters that affect them, should they wish to do so
  • A child’s rights, wishes and feelings should be respected and promoted
  • The best way to promote the wellbeing, health and development of a child is to work in partnership with the child, parents/carers and other relevant organisations

To keep children safe, we will:

  • Maintain a dedicated Child Protection working group responsible for overseeing the safe management of all children participating in Lacrosse
  • Promote the wellbeing of children through opportunities to take part in Lacrosse safely
  • Put in place policies and procedures to promote the wellbeing and protection of children
  • Seek to prevent and address bullying through the development and implementation of effective anti-bullying policies and practices
  • Recruit, train and support our volunteers/staff to prioritise the wellbeing of children who take part in our activities and protect them from harm
  • Require volunteers/staff to adopt and abide by the child protection policy and procedures including the Codes of Conduct for working with children
  • Respect and promote the rights, wishes and feelings of children
  • Respond to any child wellbeing or protection concerns in line with our policy and procedures.
  • Monitor, review and evaluate the implementation of the child protection and wellbeing policy and procedures regularly

Our clubs will: 

  • Adopt the Child Protection Policy
  • Implement national guidelines and procedures related to this policy
  • Appoint a Club Welfare Officer
  • Safely recruit club volunteers/staff in accordance with the recruitment guidance
  • Promote best practice and establish and implement club guidelines
  • Ensure all volunteers, coaches, players and parents agree to and sign the club’s code of conduct
  • Accept that all office bearers and working group members have a responsibility for child wellbeing and protection and are prepared to respond to any indication of abuse or poor practice
  • Challenge and change poor practice
  • Implement any recommendations of Lacrosse Scotland relating to this policy area
  • Promote an environment where all legitimate concerns can be raised without fear of victimisation or reprisal
  • Recommend to all those working with children to attend a SCUK Safeguarding & Protecting Children workshop

Child Wellbeing:

The Scottish National approach to child protection and wellbeing is called; Getting It Right For Every Child (GIRFEC). GIRFEC is underpinned by national guidance and in legislation via the Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014. More information can be found on the Scottish Government’s Website: https://www.gov.scot/policies/girfec/

Wellbeing: under Section 96(2) of the 2014 Act, wellbeing is defined using eight indicators which are considered essential to enable children to flourish. These eight indicators are known by the acronym SHANARRI:


  • Safe
  • Healthy
  • Achieving
  • Nurtured
  • Active
  • Respected
  • Responsible
  • Included



SHANARRI indicators provide a common language for people working and volunteering with children and young people and help to identify wellbeing concerns, including those that may require a targeted intervention.

Whilst most children’s wellbeing needs will be met by their parents and carers, it is acknowledged that participation in sports can support and promote a child’s wellbeing. The National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland (Scottish Government 2014), recognises that sports clubs and their staff and volunteers are often significant role models and trusted people in children’s life’s. They are therefore well placed to identify a child whose wellbeing is, or is at risk of, being adversely affected by any matter and to act in the child’s best interests.

A wellbeing concern may be identified in different circumstances. For instance;

  • A child may tell you that they are worried, anxious or upset about an incident, or set of circumstances, either within or outside the club,
  • You may have noticed a change in a child’s behaviour, demeanour or developmental progress.
  • You may have concerns about the impact on the child of an incident or set of circumstances whether within or outside the club.
  • You may have concerns for a child’s health.

Refer to the Lacrosse Scotland Safeguarding page for further information on how to identify risk and how to raise a significant incident. 

 If you have an immediate and serious concern about the safety of a child, contact the police on either 101 or 999, and/or social work services.  Contact details of your local social work team can be found on the relevant local authority website.

Child abuse:

What is Abuse?

There are four main categories of abuse:

  • Physical
  • Sexual
  • Emotional

The following definitions are taken from the National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland.

Physical Abuse:

Physical abuse is the causing of physical harm to a child or young person. It can include hitting, shaking, throwing, poisoning, burning or scalding, drowning, suffocating or otherwise causing physical harm to a child. Physical harm may also be caused when a carer or parent fabricates the symptoms of, or deliberately causes, ill health to a child in their care.

Sexual Abuse:

Sexual abuse is any act that involves the child in any activity for the sexual gratification of another person, regardless of whether it is claimed that the child consented or assented. It involves forcing or enticing a child to take part in sexual activities, whether or not the child is aware of what is happening. The activities may involve physical contact, including penetrative or non-penetrative acts. They may include non-contact activities, such as involving children in looking at, or in the production of, indecent images, or in watching sexual activities, using sexual language towards a child or encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways. Sexual abuse is not only committed by men; women can also sexually abuse children, as can other children.


Emotional abuse is persistent emotional neglect or ill treatment that has severe and persistent adverse effects on a child’s emotional development. It may involve saying to a child that they are worthless or unloved, inadequate or valued only in so far as they meet the needs of another person. It may involve the imposition of age, or developmentally inappropriate expectations on a child or causing them to feel frightened or in danger, or exploiting or corrupting children. Some level of emotional abuse is present in all types of ill treatment of a child. It can also occur independently of other types of abuse.


Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical or psychological needs, likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. It may involve failing to provide adequate food, shelter and clothing, to protect a child from physical harm or danger, to ensure access to appropriate medical care or treatment. It may also include neglect of, or failure to respond to, a child’s emotional needs. Neglect may result in a child’s failure to thrive or to meet normal weight and growth developmental milestones.

It is important that if you have concerns that a child is experiencing neglect that you speak to the club welfare officer or a member of Lacrosse Scotland’s Child Protection Committe. Remember that to ensure a child’s wellbeing we all have a responsibility to report concerns that we have.


Bullying is a breach of children’s rights under several articles of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. In Scotland, bullying is defined as both behaviour and impact; the impact is on a person’s capacity to feel in control of themselves. This is what is termed as their sense of ‘agency’.

Please refer to Lacrosse Scotland’s Anti-Bullying Policy for full detail on how to manage any suspected instances of bullying behaviour.

 Further References:

Children and Young People (Scotland) Act 2014

Data Protection Act 1998

Protecting Vulnerable Groups (Scotland) Act 2007

Scottish Government (2014) National Guidance on Child wellbeing and Protection, Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Scottish Government (2014a) National Guidance for Child Protection in Scotland, Additional Notes for practitioners: Protecting Disabled Children from Abuse and Neglect, Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

Scottish Government (2017) Respect for All: The National Approach to Anti-Bullying for Scotland’s Children and Young People, Scottish Government, Edinburgh.

The Equality Act 2010