How to play lacrosse

Lacrosse is a fast-paced and exciting sport that combines elements of basketball, soccer, and hockey. It requires skill, agility, and teamwork. Whether you’re a beginner looking to learn the basics or an aspiring lacrosse player hoping to improve your game, this guide will provide you with a comprehensive overview of how to play lacrosse.


Before diving into the rules and techniques of lacrosse, it’s essential to familiarise yourself with the necessary equipment. Here’s a list of the basic equipment required to play lacrosse:

  • Lacrosse stick (also known as a crosse): There are two types of lacrosse sticks – long sticks used by defenders and midfielders and short sticks used by attackers and some midfielders.
  • Lacrosse ball: The game is played with a solid rubber ball.
  • Helmet: A lacrosse-specific helmet with a facemask is mandatory for all players.
  • Gloves: Protective gloves are worn to shield the hands and wrists.
  • Shoulder pads and arm guards: These protect the upper body from potential impacts.
  • Rib pads: Optional but recommended to protect the ribs.
  • Athletic cup/jockstrap: Essential for male players.
  • Cleats: Lacrosse cleats provide traction on the field.
  • Mouthguard: A mouthguard protects your teeth and helps prevent injuries.


The objective of lacrosse is to score more goals than the opposing team. Each team aims to propel the ball into the opponent’s goal using their lacrosse sticks while also defending their own goal.

Gameplay and Rules

  • Positions: Lacrosse is typically played with ten players on each team, divided into three main positions: attackers, midfielders, and defenders. The goalkeeper, known as the goalie, stays near the goal to defend against shots.
  • Face-off: The game begins with a face-off at the center of the field. Two players from opposing teams crouch down and try to gain possession of the ball by using their sticks to push or clamp down on it.
  • Ball possession and passing: Once a team gains possession of the ball, they must pass it among their players to move it up the field. Lacrosse sticks are used to catch, carry, and pass the ball. Passing can be done using cradling, which involves rocking the stick back and forth to maintain ball control.
  • Shooting and scoring: Players attempt to shoot the ball into the opponent’s goal. Goals are scored when the ball crosses the goal line and enters the net. However, goalies and defenders actively try to block shots to prevent goals.
  • Checking: Checking is a defensive technique used to dislodge the ball from an opponent’s stick. There are different types of checks, including stick checks (aimed at the stick) and body checks (aimed at the opponent’s body). However, checking must be done within the rules and regulations of the game to avoid penalties.
  • Penalties: Lacrosse has various penalties for rule violations, such as slashing, tripping, or illegal body checking. Penalties can result in temporary or permanent removal from the game, providing the opposing team with an advantage.
  • Substitutions: Lacrosse allows for free substitution during gameplay, meaning players can enter and exit the field freely.

Skills and Techniques

To excel in lacrosse, players need to develop certain skills and techniques. Here are some fundamental aspects to focus on:

  1. Stick skills: Mastering stick handling, passing, and catching is crucial. Regular practice with both hands will improve your dexterity and enable you to play more effectively.
  2. Ground balls: The ability to scoop up ground balls quickly is vital. Practice picking up the ball while running at different speeds and from different angles.
  3. Shooting accuracy: Enhance your shooting skills by practicing shooting on goal from different positions and angles. Focus on accuracy and speed while maintaining ball control.
  4. Dodging: Dodging allows players to evade defenders and create scoring opportunities. Work on your dodging techniques, including the face dodge, roll dodge, and split dodge.
  5. Defensive positioning: Learn proper defensive positioning, footwork, and checking techniques to effectively guard your opponent and disrupt their offensive plays.
  6. Conditioning and agility: Lacrosse requires speed, agility, and endurance. Regular cardiovascular exercise, strength training, and agility drills will improve your overall fitness and performance on the field.


Playing lacrosse can be an exhilarating and rewarding experience. By understanding the rules, practicing essential skills, and working on your overall fitness, you’ll be well on your way to becoming a competent lacrosse player. Remember, continuous practice, teamwork, and a passion for the sport are key elements in your journey to becoming a skilled lacrosse player. So grab your stick, get out on the field, and enjoy the fast-paced action of this incredible sport!


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