All lacrosse participants have the right to compete in sport knowing that they, and their competitors, are clean. Lacrosse Scotland believes in clean sport and work in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) and World Lacrosse, our International Federation, to ensure that the integrity of our sport is protected.

The use of performance-enhancing drugs and other doping behaviour severely damages the legitimacy of sport and undermines the integrity of clean athletes.

All participants (players, coaches, support staff and officials) in World Lacrosse events must ensure that they are fully aware of the Anti-Doping information and must have completed the Anti-Doping eLearning by each World Event deadline. WADA has produced a lot of Education & Prevention information to ensure that everyone can stay clear of drugs and compete on a fair and level playing field.

Anti-Doping Rules

Lacrosse Scotland has in place a set of anti-doping rules that all athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel must abide by. The anti-doping rules for Lacrosse Scotland are consistent with the World Anti-Doping Code (2015 Code), which governs anti-doping internationally.

You can find the UK Anti-Doping Rules here.

The anti-doping rules of Lacrosse Scotland are the UK Anti-Doping Rules published by UK Anti-Doping (or its successor), as amended from time to time. Such rules shall take effect and be construed as the rules of Lacrosse Scotland. If you are a member of Lacrosse Scotland then the anti-doping rules apply to you, regardless of what level you participate at.

Strict Liability

All athletes need to be aware of the principle of strict liability. This means that all athletes are solely responsible for any banned substance they use, attempt to use, or that is found in their system, regardless of how it got there and whether or not they had an intention to cheat.

It is crucial that athletes check all medications are safe to take prior to use. Medications can be checked online via Global DRO.

Athletes must undertake thorough internet research of any supplement products before use – including the name of the product and the ingredients/substances listed. Information revealed as a result should be further investigated and we advise athletes to keep evidence of their search.



Anti-Doping Agencies

There are many organisations that work hard to protect sport. The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is responsible for leading the collaborative world-wide campaign for clean sport. Established in 1999 as an independent agency and funded by both sport and governments, it manages the development of the World Anti-Doping Code. The Code aims to harmonise all anti-doping policies ensuring that athletes and athlete support personnel are treated fairly and consistently.

The aims of the 2015 Code and WADA are to:

  • protect the Athletes’ fundamental right to participate in doping-free sport and thus promote health, fairness and equality for Athletes worldwide, and
  • ensure harmonised, coordinated and effective anti-doping programmes at the international and national level with regard to detection, deterrence and prevention of doping

In the UK, Lacrosse Scotland works in partnership with UK Anti-Doping (UKAD) to prevent doping.

UKAD is the national anti-doping agency for the UK, dedicated to protecting a culture of clean sport – it achieves this through implementing education and testing programmes, gathering and developing intelligence, and prosecuting those found to have committed an Anti-Doping Rule Violation.

UKAD is responsible for ensuring sports bodies in the UK are compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code through the implementation and management of the UK’s National Anti-Doping Policy.

UKAD – 100% Me is UK Anti-Doping’s education programme for athletes – designed to provide information resources, education sessions and general advice to athletes throughout their sporting careers. There is also a 100% me Clean Sport app available for Android & Apple users to download from  the usual apps stores.

Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs)

The 2015 Code outlines ten Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs).  Athletes, and Athlete Support Personnel (ASP), may receive a ban from sport if any of the following ADRVs are committed:

  1. Returning a positive test
  2. Using, or attempting to use, a banned substance or method
  3. Refusal or failure to provide a sample when requested
  4. Tampering, or attempting to tamper, with any part of the testing process
  5. Possession of a banned substance or method
  6. Trafficking, or attempted trafficking, of any banned substance or method
  7. Administering, or attempted administering, of a banned substance or method to an athlete; or encouragement, aiding and/or covering up of any involvement in an ADRV
  8. Receiving any combination of three filing failures and/or missed tests in a time period of 12 months (for athletes who are part of the National Registered Testing Pool)
  9. Complicity (new from 1 Jan 2015)
  10. Prohibited Association (new from 1 Jan 2015)


Under the 2015 Code, a minimum four-year ban from sport will apply to those who are found to be deliberately cheating and breaking the rules.

The 2015 Code has little sympathy for carelessness – for inadvertent doping, athletes are more likely to face a two-year ban from sport.

All athletes, coaches and athlete support personnel need to make sure they have sufficient anti-doping knowledge to avoid committing an ADRV and receiving a ban from sport.


As a signatory to the WADA Code, World Lacrosse is committed to clean sport and anti-doping

in all levels of lacrosse. One of the most effective ways in which to achieve this is through athlete education.

As part of World Lacrosse’s Anti-Doping Programme, all participants who wish to participate in World Lacrosse competitions (senior or junior) are required to successfully complete Anti Doping education via WADA’s online e-learning platform (ADeL).

The Athlete Learning Program about Health and Anti-Doping (ALPHA) gives athletes information about the dangers of doping and the importance of anti-doping controls and promotes positive attitudes to avoiding doping:

Lacrosse Scotland requires all participating athletes, coaches and management staff to complete this programme and have an up to date certificate prior to participating in any World event. Further information can be found within the Lacrosse Scotland Anti-Doping Education Notice to World Teams.

Checking Medication

Before taking any medication (whether from a doctor or bought over the counter) athletes must check to make sure it does not contain any banned substances. Medications can be checked online at Global DRO. It is important to note that medications bought in one country may contain different ingredients to the same branded medication in another country.

Illicit Substances:

WADA lists several illicit substances on the Prohibited List. Lacrosse Scotland does not condone their use whether they are abused to confer an advantage or used recreationally. Positive testing for such substances can and will be managed like any substance on the Prohibited List.

Nutrition & Supplements

Athletes are strongly advised to be very cautious if they choose to take any supplement such as vitamin tablets, energy drinks, or sport-nutrition formulas. This is because there is no guarantee that any supplement is free from banned substances.


Before making a decision to use supplements, all athletes are advised to:
  • Assess the need to use supplements by seeking advice from a medical professional or nutritionist on their need to use supplement products
  • Assess the risks associated with supplements and undertake thorough research of all supplement products they are considering taking
  • Assess the consequences to their careers – they could receive a four-year ban


However, supplement risks can be reduced by:

  • undertaking thorough internet research
  • only using batch-tested products
  • checking on Informed Sport (which is a risk minimisation programme) that the supplement has been batch tested
  • visiting the UKAD website for further information


Visit the UKAD website for further information including information on the Informed Sport programme, which provides a batch-testing service for supplement products.

The Prohibited List

All banned substances and methods in Code-compliant sports are outlined in the Prohibited List, which is updated at the beginning of every calendar year, but may also be updated throughout the year. The latest Prohibited List can be found on the WADA website.

The 2021 Prohibited List is here.

Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE)
Do you need a TUE?
  • Check to see if any medications you are using are prohibited by using the Global DRO website. If the medication is not prohibited, you can start using the prescribed medication or treatment
  • If the medication is prohibited you should check with your doctor to see if there are any alternative medications available
  • If the medication is prohibited and there are no permitted alternatives, you need to complete a TUE application to World Lacrosse (typically requested by World Lacrosse ahead of major World Lacrosse tournaments and events)

Athletes in our Senior and Junior National Squads are required to submit TUE applications to World Lacrosse.

World Lacrosse will provide forms and timelines to squad management to be shared with athletes ahead of competition.

Further information on TUE, guidance notes, how long a TUE is valid (depends on the medical condition) and other useful resources can be found in the TUE section of the UKAD website as well as on the WADA website.

Understanding the Testing Process

Athletes should feel prepared and know their rights and responsibilities when they are notified to be tested by a Chaperone or Doping Control Officer. When selected for testing, athletes should take a representative with them to the Doping Control Station.

A urine test will follow these main steps:

  • Notification
  • Reporting to Doping Control Station
  • Providing a sample
  • Recording and certifying sample information

UK Anti-Doping recommends that athletes follow their normal hydration routines if selected for testing.

Athletes need to be prepared to provide details of any substances they have taken – this needs to be written on the Doping Control form. Athletes should report any concerns they have about the process or the equipment on the Doping Control form.

Athletes can find out more about testing, including their rights and responsibilities, in the Athlete Zone or by downloading the Clean Sport App from their app store.

WADA Resources

More Anti-Doping Information


More Anti-Doping information can be found on the WADA website. Everyone should take time to have a look at the information available to all to help to keep our sport and our athletes safe and drug-free. Some WADA video clips can be found below, but there is a lot more information on their website.

Anti-Doping e-Learning platform (ADeL)

ADeL Logo

The anti-doping e-learning platform (ADeL) offers access to all topics related to clean sport and anti-doping. It offers courses for athletes, coaches, doctors, administrators and anyone interested in learning more about anti-doping and protecting the values of clean sport

WADA AntiDoping Webinar


Say NO! To Doping

Say NO! To Doping – Courage

Say NO! To Doping – Effort

Say NO! To Doping – Respect

Report Doping

We all have a responsibility to report doping in sport and help keep it clean. A 24-hour dedicated phone line, hosted by Crimestoppers, is ready to take your call if you have any suspicions or concerns about incidences of doping in sport. You can provide information in complete confidence by:

  • calling 08000 32 23 32
  • reporting via a secure website
  • submitting information to UK Anti-Doping via a secure online form.

UK Anti-Doping


Twitter: @UKAntiDoping

Email: UKAD

Phone: +44 (0) 207 842 3450.